Have Gun–Will Travel — “Winchester Quarantine”

Have Gun–Will Travel (1958-60) aired “Winchester Quarantine” on February 22, 1959 as the show’s 14th episode out of what would be a total of 106 over the next two years. This is only the third episode we have shared of this much loved western, the first being in September of 2019 and the second in March of 2020. So a bit of backstory about the program is in order for newcomers.

The very existence of the radio show is an odd duck, in that while not unique it was one of the very rare radio shows to be a spinoff of a successful tv show, which is backwards from the usual sequence of events, with the radio show coming first, then the tv show (for examples of the usual order, see Gunsmoke, Dragnet, and The Lone Ranger). In this case, Have Gun–Will Travel on television first aired in 1957 and its radio counterpart aired its first episode (the one we present here) just over a year later in 1958. The original CBS tv series would run from September 1957 through April of 1963 and proved quite popular. Richard Boone (1917-1981) starred as Paladin, a cultured, educated, gun-for-hire living in San Francisco’s swanky Carlton Hotel during the period following the Civil War to approximately 1875 as a well-appointed man of wealth and sophistication, who earned his living by putting ads in local newspapers as a high-priced gunslinger with the simple calling card of “Have Gun–Will Travel.” While expensive to hire ($1,000 per day plus expenses) and ready, willing, and able to use his trademark gun when necessary, he often was a master at settling disputes or resolving issues in a diplomatic and bloodless manner.

The term “paladin” itself has several meanings, among them “champion of the realm” or “trusted military leader” or even “a knight without armor in a savage land.” You get the idea. Paladin’s trademark is the iconic chess character of the knight, which he showcases on his signature black holster and on his business card. As backup to his handgun, Paladin also carried a double-barreled derringer behind his belt.

Famed radio director of such shows as Suspense, Escape, and later the popular tv westerns such as The Virginian and Gunsmoke, Norman Macdonnell championed the idea of spinning off a successful tv show to radio, and Have Gun–Will Travel on radio was born. One of my favorite radio and tv actors, John Dehner (1915-1992), was cast as radio’s Paladin, his resonating baritone voice perfect for the role. Dehner himself was in many ways like the character he played, for his father traveled a lot and Dehner went to school and was educated mostly in Europe (though he was born in New York). Along the way, he learned to speak four languages fluently and others to a lesser degree (including Norwegian, French, Spanish, Italian, Swedish, and even some Hopi Indian). In the early 1940s Dehner worked for Walt Disney Studios as an animator and did work for such iconic animated features as Fantasia (1940), Bambi (1942) and some Pluto, Donald Duck, and Mickey Mouse cartoons. After a stint in the Army during World War II he held jobs as a radio news editor and disc jockey, then graduated to numerous acting roles of various sizes, including, but not limited to shows such as The Hermit’s Cave (as host), and supporting roles in The Whistler, Gunsmoke, Suspense, Escape, Philip Marlowe, Frontier Gentleman (star), and the week following the demise of Frontier Gentleman, the star of Have Gun–Will Travel.

John Dehner’s television and film roles are far too many to list here, but he appeared in 125 feature films and shorts, and in well over another 100 tv roles from mystery to western to science fiction and is easily recognizable for his blue eyes, moustache, and again his iconc baritone that Radio Life Magazine said was the industry’s “best radio voice.” Of interest to SF fans, Dehner appeared three times on the original The Twilight Zone: in the first season as Captain Allenby in “The Lonely,” as engineer Alan Richards in “The Jungle” in its third season, and in its fifth and final season as Jared Garrity in “Mr. Garrity and the Graves.”

Of interest is that Norm Macdonnell was not only the champion of spinning off a radio program from its parent television show, but his idea to rewrite as closely as possible for radio the original tv scripts, thus, the initial 30 episodes of Have Gun were lifted from the already aired tv shows. [After that, Macdonnell would leave the show and go on to direct and write for television’s Gunsmoke, tv’s longest running (to that time, 1955-75) continuous prime time show in history.]

Last but not least, from an article in AVClub from 2014 by Brandon Nowalk titled “The Adult Western Peaked with Have Gun–Will Travel”: “…the adult Western, nominal or otherwise, is what TV audiences were looking for in the late ’50s. Have Gun – Will Travel wasn’t the first, it wasn’t the most popular, and it didn’t last the longest. But it was the best. Have Gun picked up the pieces of the adult Western and assembled them into something greater. There was Gunsmoke’s dramatic power, Earp’s pretension, and Cheyenne’s rootless energy. And where those others lost cast members, dipped in quality, or completely transformed, Have Gun stayed steady, a strong half-hour black-and-white adventure leading into Gunsmoke every Saturday night for six years.” Though it is true that Have Gun wasn’t the most popular show of its time, Nielsen ratings confirm that it ranked near the very top of the heap with a #3 or #4 rating for its first four years. (Gunsmoke would take top honors as the #1 show for four years, from 1958-61.)

As its title suggests, “Winchester Quarantine” deals with subject matter now all too familiar to us in the year 2020 with the pandemic Covid-19 virus sweeping the globe. In this story, however, the virus is affecting livestock and not people, but it reveals how some of the same fears are brought to the fore, and how people react in an effort to solve the problem. In some ways people are the same, it would seem, for fear sometimes brings out their worst nature, a usually hidden side of them, a side never so ugly as when an infected herd of cattle is owned by an Indian, and an educated one at that. Add bigotry to fear and you’ve got a volatile mix that even Paladin may not be able to overcome when he finds himself in the middle of the “Winchester Quarantine.”

Play Time: 24:31

[Below: Paladin on radio, John Dehner, left — Paladin on tv, Richard Boone, right]

[Below: Paladin’s iconic business card]

{New kids in the neighborhood meant new members to the neighborhood gang on their trips to the nearby newsstand and more variety in reading tastes, thus the grab bag of genre titles below. Double-Action Western (1934-60) was one of a dwindling number of western genre pulps that had survived the many ups and downs of the publishing industry, changing times, the paper shortage during WW II, and the magazine purge of the early 1950s. It must have been doing something right. It was a bi-monthly in 1959. Saturn Web Detective Stories (1957-65) was an odd duck, or more accurately a magazine chameleon in that it couldn’t make it’s mind up what it wanted to be. At one time or another it was a science fiction magazine, a detective magazine, a dark menace zine and even for a few issues a terror magazine. It managed but 5 issues in 1959. Several  members of the original gang went for one of their science fiction favorites and grabbed up the newest issue of Fantastic Universe (1953-60). While not considered one of the top-tier SF magazines, it, like several others, provided an entertaining mix of colorful adventure and wild imagination (lack of scientific accuracy was not a deal breaker). It produced 8 issues in 1959.}

[Left: Double-Action Western, 2/59 – Center:Web Detective Stories, 2/59 – Right: Fantastic Universe, 3/59]

             

To view the entire list of weekly Old Time Radio episodes at Tangent Online, click here.