Bulldog Drummond — “Death in the Deep”

Bulldog Drummond (1941-49) aired “Death in the Deep” on June 16, 1948. This is only the fifth Drummond episode we have run, the first four presented in 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018, respectvely, so it is high time we ran another of his adventures. If you like James Bond you’ll find a lot to like in Hugh “Bulldog” Drummond’s adventures. Bulldog Drummond was the character created by Englishman H. C. McNeile (1888-1937, photo at left), who wrote under the pseudonym of “Sapper,” Sapper being the official term for those serving in the Royal Engineers during World War I, and the name suggested by McNeile’s publisher in order to lend the stories an air of authenticity. None other than Ian Fleming, creator of James Bond, wrote of Bulldog  Drummond’s author that he was “Sapper from the waist up and Mickey Spillane below.”

[Ed. note: The Radio Spirits CD Bulldog Drummond: Out of the Fog, top right, is no longer available from Radio Spirits. A cursory check on Ebay and Amazon proved unable to locate this exact CD collection. Though several sites offer audiobooks of this CD, good luck finding a copy of these 10 remastered episodes as collected here (with Program Guide by Elizabeth McLeod).]

McNeile, who fought on the Western front in WWI and retired as a major in 1919, wrote a few stories during the war about Drummond as a detective but to no great success. With his first Drummond novel in 1920 (he would pen a total of ten until his death in 1937), Bulldog Drummond, Captain Hugh Drummond, DSO, MC, and ex-British army, was a detective no longer, but would become an adventurer bored with civilian life and, seeking excitement, would place an ad in the newspaper which read:  “Demobilised officer, finding peace incredibly tedious, would welcome diversion. Legitimate, if possible, but crime, if of a comparatively humorous description, no objection. Excitement essential. Would be prepared to consider permanent job if suitably impressed by applicant for his services. Reply at once Box X10.”

After rejecting the first few responses to his ad, Drummond accepts one from a distraught “damsel in distress” by the name of Phyllis Benton, whom he would end up marrying by the end of the novel. Phyllis’ problem, that for which she has enlisted Drummond’s aid, soon involves him in a deadly adventure with his soon-to-be recurring nemesis Carl Peterson, an evil genius and megalomaniac bent on world (and Communist) domination, his first conquest being Great Britain. The book is full of action and graphic violence, including a scene where a sociopathic torturer is shoved into an acid bath he has used on others. Not wishing to make certain he dies a quick death, Drummond allows him to throw himself out of the acid bath with his clothes smoking and his flesh bubbling and in agony, only to meet a terrible death a short while later. Sapper has Drummond pull no punches in his encounters with the truly evil. Through circumstance–and the bumbling police–Peterson escapes to commit evil another day, which he does for three more novels until his fitting demise.

The third Bulldog Drummond novel, The Third Round (1924), gets into Bond territory (and SF) with some pseudo-science involved in the creation of synthetic diamonds. Arch nemesis, and identity-chameleon Peterson is back, whose only desire is to exploit the discovery. Sapper is getting the hang of how to write these books by this time, and it shows. These first four Drummond novels are known as the Carl Peterson Quartet, and are recommended for their action, plotting (in most cases), wild adventure, and a hero who knows good from evil, is smart, but hardly handsome, and is definitely a product of his time (that of post-WWI England, with its prejudices and views of those nations from which it has just emerged from a devastating war), and of Sapper himself, who puts much of his own military experience into the books, and surrounds Drummond with fictional army pals including his best friend Algy Longworth, his manservant James Denny (who you will hear in this radio episode), army buddy Peter Darrell, and other series regulars Toby Sinclair and Ted Jerningham. The Carl Peterson quartet of novels are collected in one volume by Wordsworth Editions (2007, 768 pp., though Amazon incorrectly has it at 320 pp., cover above right) and can be purchased via Amazon here.

From the 1920s through the 1960s Bulldog Drummond was featured in 23 films. The first two (1922, 1925) were silent, but the third in 1929 with the eponymous title Bulldog Drummond starred Ronald Colman in his first talkie. The period of 1930-47 saw 17 Drummond films, a fair number including one of the famed Barrymore family, John, while Ray Milland would star in 1937’s Bulldog Drummond Escapes. The pair of Drummond films in 1948 would star no less than Tom Conway, and in 1951 Walter Pidgeon would star as Drummond in Calling Bulldog Drummond. An attempt to cash in on the James Bond movie craze in the 1960s saw two more Drummond films (Deadlier than the Male, 1967, and Some Girls Do, 1969), but with little success. The Bulldog Drummond character and adventures were so popular in Britain that in his early days while living in England, young up-and-coming film director Alfred Hitchcock sought the rights to the Drummond character for a film he was set to make titled Bulldog Drummond’s Baby. British International Pictures would not release the rights, so Hitchcock turned his film into the now classic The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934, starring Peter Lorre) without the Bulldog Drummond character. Hitchcock would remake the film in 1956 starring James Stewart and Doris Day.

1937-39 would prove arguably the best years for Bulldog Drummond films, when Paramount would make nine of the short B films, most running to around 60 minutes give or take. For anyone wishing to introduce themselves to these fun, suspenseful action forays I recommend picking up the 2006 Mill Creek Entertainment boxed set titled Mystery Classics. It’s one of those “100 Movie Pack” sets reasonably priced with some real gems (along with a few easily forgotten pictures), but including a majority of interesting, entertaining films including six Bulldog Drummond titles: Bulldog Drummond’s Revenge (1937), Bulldog Drummond Escapes (w/Ray Milland, 1937), Bulldog Drummond Comes Back (1937), Bulldog Drummond in Africa (1938), Bulldog Drummond’s Peril (1938), and Bulldog Drummond’s Secret Police (1939). These films stick pretty close (in general) to the original Drummond world as depicted in the novels, save for one striking departure; in the first novel, Bulldog Drummond (1920), Drummond marries Phyllis Benton, while in the movies he’s always about to be married–just at the altar, as it were–when something inevitably happens to postpone or otherwise thwart the ceremony, thus making poor dear Phyllis always the understanding, long-suffering bride-to-be whom Drummond is always promising to marry as soon as the current adventure is concluded. It’s a humorous bit replayed in several of the films, and the actress plays the bit to great advantage.

The 1920s and 30s were the heyday of the Drummond novels and films, but American radio would catch up in the 1940s with the Bulldog Drummond radio series, where now Drummond has moved to the United States to continue his adventures, of which “Death in the Deep” is one. While the American radio incarnation of Bulldog Drummond is slightly watered down in terms of the graphic violence appearing in the novels, this episode does involve several murders. It opens with Drummond and Denny enjoying a little relaxing sailing off the west coast when a storm approaches and they head for shore, only to spot a man’s body floating in the ocean. They drag it into their boat, wondering how it came to be there when no other maritime vessel is within sight. Soon enough, however, and as luck wold have it, they spot a yacht and pull alongside, hoping someone aboard can lend some light as to the dead man’s identity. The adventure, along with the skies, turns dark at this point, for there appears to be no one on board…but then…something happens that changes everything, and unless Drummond can figure out who or what is behind the disappearance of several passengers, and quickly, he might end up as just another hapless victim who will find his own “Death in the Deep.”

Play Time: 26:03

{The broadcast date of this Bulldog Drummond episode fell on a Wednesday. It being summer vacation, the neighborhood gang was up and headed for the corner newsstand as soon as they had finished breakfast. Eager for more exciting and dangerous fare after listening intently to “Death in the Deep,” they found just what they were looking for with the following detective pulps. Detective Tales (1935-53) delivered in spades with no fewer than the 15 stories advertised on its cover. It was a monthly in 1948. Popular Detective (1934-53) one of the relatively few detective pulps to make it through the war years and the paper shortage, still held the hypnotic allure its loyal readership had come to expect, but as with many another genre pulp would meet it demise in the early 1950s pulp magazine crash. It was a bi-monthly in 1948. Ten Detective Aces (1928-49), like its brethren below, enjoyed an enviably long and productive run. From 1928-32 it experimented with a pair of early titles that didn’t work out, then settled on Ten Detective Aces in 1933, a name that would stick for the next 16 years. While surviving the war years, time and outside forces claimed their prize and it bid a fond farewell to its loyal fans a scant 8 issues after the one pictured below, with its September 1949 issue. It too was a bi-monthly in 1948.}

[Left: Detective Tales, June 1948 – Center: Popular Detective, July 1948 – Right: Ten Detective Aces, May 1948]


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